Election Observation Training Course (EOT 24)

Conflict Management

Course Duration: 05 – 10 February 2024
Application Date: - Nov 30, 2023
Course Fee: The Course is Core Funded. Tuition, accommodation, food will be provided by Kaiptc Participants will have to bear the cost for their travel and health insurance. Additionally, participants will pay a commitment fee of USD 1000 or equivalent per head.
Terms and Conditions:
AS part of the covid-19 measures by the Kaiptc, all participants are to travel with a travel medical insurance covering covid-19 treatment and must be valid for an additional 2 weeks after the course end date. Covid guidelines of the Centre must be strictly followed. The Kaiptc does not accept any responsibility for medical treatment and travel or other insurance.
In short

Course Date/Duration

05 – 10 February 2024

Course Capacity

30 participants

Target Group

Civilian, Police, Military ( see details below)

Course Language

English with French translation

Application Deadline

30 November 2023


As the mainstay of the democratisation process, elections in many parts of the world have become fairly ‘routine’ with many countries preferring the conduct of periodic elections as the acceptable means of facilitating representation, participation and alternations of power.  The prospects of democracy in Africa seem quite promising as more countries resort to the ballot box as the means of soliciting and conferring power, rather than the use of the gun. Even countries that were plagued with violent conflicts for decades are now beginning to settle down as fledgling democracies with countries such as Liberia and Sierra Leone showing clear signs of consolidating their democracies. The relatively ‘uneventful’ elections in Mali after months of political and violent turmoil mark yet another significant ‘milestone’ in West Africa’s effort at democratisation. The ‘diffusion’ of the post-elections tensions and anxiety that followed Nigeria’s 2019 election through the courts rather than the ‘streets’  to seek redress go to underscore the fact that democracy in Africa is steadily gaining traction.

These seeming success stories notwithstanding, concerns and questions continue to linger over the integrity of the conduct of democratic elections on the continent. The fact that opposition parties in many countries having cause to dispute results, questioning the credibility and fairness of the process suggests that work still remains to be done in ‘perfecting’ the democratic enterprise in much of Africa.

Observation Training programme has trained nearly 549 observers many of whom have been deployed on observation missions by ECOWAS and other observation missions. At the regional level, ECOWAS has played a leading role in moderating a sometimes uncertain political terrain of member countries by promoting democracy and multiparty elections. The ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance identifies the organisation of election observation during elections in member states as a key component of its conflict prevention mechanism. As a result, the Commission through the agency of the Political Affairs Department plays a leading role in the organisation of election observation missions during member states’ elections; all in an effort to help bolster and consolidate democracy in the region. The Centre has since 2004 collaborated with the Commission to provide training for election observers in West Africa.

Course Goal/Objectives

The overarching goal of the course is to professionalise election observation. It is aimed at enhancing the knowledge and skills of participants in election observation. The objective is to enhance the capacity of participants in readiness for deployment on election observation missions towards the promotion of credible elections

Target Group

The course targets the broad range of electoral actors, including Civil Society Organizations, election management bodies, and RECs within Africa, but applications from outside the region are also welcomed and women are strongly encouraged to apply. This is a bi-lingual course with simultaneous English/French translation.

Expected Outcome

This course is designed as a capacity building opportunity to help enhance the contribution of experts to peace operations within West Africa and elsewhere in the region. It will provide participants with the tools and skills necessary to help enhance the integrity and credibility of elections and reduce the potential for election related violence.

Training Methodology

Facilitation will be interactive, using the collaborative problem-based learning approach. It will employ adult learning methods such as small group work/discussions, exercises, brainstorming, mini-lectures, panel discussions, case studies, research, and simulation.

Modules of the course

The course covers a total of six (6) modules consisting of seventeen topics and a simulation exercise. They are as follows:


This module provides the overall framework for elections and election observation and their contribution to the democratization process, particularly in promoting good governance.


  1.  Understanding the role of election in good governance and democracy
  2. Conceptual Framework for Elections and Election Observation
  3. Understanding the Electoral Cycle
  4. The Legal Framework of Elections



This module highlights the distinct role and responsibilities of election management bodies in organizing elections and the various challenges that they face.


  1. The role and challenges of election management bodies in facilitating credible and peaceful elections


This module provides an overview of the various approaches for organizing election observation missions, the roles and responsibilities of observers, and some practical skills/knowledge needed to observe elections.


  1. Organization of Election Observation Mission
  2. Code of Conduct for International Election Observation
  3. Election Observation Mission: Types of Support, Developments and Challenges
  4. Organizing an ECOWAS Election Observation – Best Practices & Lessons from the Field
  5. Social and Intercultural Competence (Working with Local Actors)
  6. Personal Security in the Field
  7. Simulations Exercise
  8. Introduction to Report Writing



This module explores the various conflicts that may arise during electoral process and how election observation can help mitigate electoral-related disputes.


  1. Election observation as a mechanism for conflict prevention
  2. Strategies/measures for preventing/mitigating elections induced conflict and violence



The modules present the significance of election observation groups – both international and domestic- and the distinct role they play in promoting fair, transparent and peaceful elections.


  1. Civil Society Groups and Election Observation: Their Role, Challenges and Contribution as Domestic Observers
  2. The Role of International Observers as Facilitators/Enhancers of Peace, Security and Good Governance



The module discusses the various challenges, barriers, and opportunities for women’s active political participation, particularly in the electoral process.


  1. Conceptual Issues: Understanding the interface between gender roles and the possibilities/opportunities for men and women in the electoral process
  2. Issues of Access and Participation: country-specific case studies

Facilitators and Resource Persons

The course will use experienced resources persons from within Africa

Selection Process

A selection team will meet to select possible participants who meet the eligibility criteria Interested applicants are kindly requested to click on the “How to Apply” button in order to fill and submit the online application form.

Contact at KAIPTC

For administrative issues For course content issues
Mrs Marylyn Agblor
Training Coordination Officer
Tel. 00 233 (0) 302 718200 Ext. 1012
Fax. 00 233 (0) 302 718201
Email: marylyn.agblor@kaiptc.org
Wg Cdr Christian Eshun (Rtd)
Course Director
Tel: 00 233 (0) 302 718200 Ext 2130
Mob: 00 233 (0) 243 667759
Email: christian.eshun@kaiptc.org