You are here:  HomePublicationsPolicy Briefs

Policy Briefs

POLICY   BRIEF   3/ May 2016:  Political Party Posters and Elections in Ghana: Identifying Reasons and Instituting Measures against Vandalism :- Ernest Ansah Lartey

Campaign managers often seek to provide optimum visual presence and coverage for their political parties and party candidates during elections. One method of achieving this purpose relates to the use of party posters. In Ghana, however, the use of party posters is less regulated. This often leads to abuses, often manifested in discriminatory and indiscriminate attacks. This Policy Brief examines the nature and extent of poster attacks during elections in Ghana.....more

POLICY  BRIEF   2/ May 2016: Mending Broken Relations after Civil War: The ‘Palava Hut’ and the Prospects for Lasting Peace in Liberia:- Kwaku Danso

Nearly three years after the official launch of the National Palava Hut Program by Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, this community-based and people-to-people approach to relational justice and reconciliation has yet to be implemented in ongoing peacebuilding processes in Liberia. This policy brief discusses the potentials and challenges of using the Palava Hut as a transitional justice measure, and proceeds to suggest a number of policy-relevant recommendations. Foremost among these recommendations is a call for closer and deeper engagements with Liberia’s tribal governors.....more

POLICY  BRIEF  1/March 2016:  UNAMID Police and the Protection of Civilians in Darfur:- Festus Kofi Aubyn

This Policy Brief reflects on the Protection of Civilian (PoC) strategies of UNAMID Police and some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police should focus its attention on a number of issues including overcoming the frequent access denials to some areas in Darfur by the Government of Sudan (GoS) through enhanced cooperation and political dialogue; and the provision of adequate resources for police personnel to carry out their mandated activities......more

POLICY BRIEF 2/August 2015:  Escaping the Repertoire of Election Crisis: Prospects and Challenges of the Evolving Infrastructure for Peace in Côte d’Ivoire :-
Lydia Mawuenya Amedzrator & Mustapha Abdallah

As a conflict prevention and management tool, national peace infrastructures have largely contributed to peace and security in countries where they have been established and adopted. This paper focuses on the emerging infrastructure for peace (I4P) in Côte d’Ivoire by examining the country’s socio-political environment and how that impacts on the composition and effectiveness of the proposed I4P......more

POLICY BRIEF 1/July 2015: The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists :- By Naila Salihu

Terrorist activities have assumed an alarming dimension in several West African countries. Various measures by states and international actors have achieved minimal success in the fight against terrorists. This brief calls for effective implementation of the ECOWAS counterterrorism strategy which provides a set of measures and strategic policy directions to contain the threat posed by terrorism to the region.....more

POLICY BRIEF 9/December 2014: 
Addressing Small Arms and Light Weapons Issues in the Sahel Region: Expanding and Utilizing Local Capacities:- By Yuka Yoneda
This policy brief highlights the detrimental effects of the proliferation and smuggling of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Sahel Region, where it is difficult for the governments alone to bring it under full control. It focuses particularly on the potential of civil society to complement the role of the government in addressing these issues...more

POLICY BRIEF 8/ December 2014:
 Incorporating Human Security in Regional Integration: The Case of CEMAC:- By Tebid Ethel Achoh

The Paper looks at integration efforts in the Economic Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC) but seeks to push human security and development as primary efforts in this integration process. The paper concludes that there should be more succinct political will in incorporating and advancing the objectives of regional integration in the sub region...more

POLICY BRIEF 7/ December 2014:
State Actors and Traditional Authorities in Ghana: Collaborative Provision of Peace and Security :- By Rasmus Schleef

This Policy Brief examines the relationship between state actors and traditional authorities in Ghana in regard to the provision of peace and security. It explains the necessity of a collaborative approach and delineates the existing framework for interaction, allowing for both a deduction of appropriate policy recommendations and a broader conclusion....more

POLICY BRIEF 6/ December 2014:
 Beauty and the Thief: Why the Gulf of Guinea Attracts Maritime Insecurity:- By Joana Ama Osei-Tutu

Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea has risen considerably over the last few years. This policy brief aims to explain why this region has become attractive to pirates and what lessons can be learnt from another Gulf that used to be a pirate’s haven....more

POLICY BRIEF 5/ December 2014:
 Mitigating Threats to Human Security:An Examination of Small Arms Stockpile Management in West Africa :- By Afua Agyeiwaa Lamptey

Security threats emanating from poorly managed stockpiles in the ECOWAS region call for a critical examination of existing initiatives addressing stockpiles. Thus a holistic look at the laws, human resources and context of stockpile control is essential for mitigating their humanitarian and
socio-economic consequences.....more

POLICY BRIEF 4/ November 2014:
 Ebola: Impact and Lessons for West Africa :- By Thomas Jaye & Fiifi Edu-Afful

As the Ebola pandemic keeps growing, measures to curtail its impact are gradually being put in place. To contain such virus in the future requires investing in the health system; and health should be prioritized as a regional security issue but not militarized. Regional and national capacities should be developed to deal with future pandemics ....more

POLICY BRIEF 3/ November 2014: 
Silence on the Lambs: The Abducted Chibok Schoolgirls in Nigeria and the Challenge to UNSCR 1325:- By Nana Bemma Nti

This policy brief analyses the abduction of the Chibok schoolgirls in Nigeria by Boko Haram and explores how the kidnapping represents some of the challenges with operationalising United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325. It recommends the strengthening of the implementation of the resolution in internal conflicts with the participation of women, as learned from the Chibok case...more

POLICY BRIEF 2/ September 2014: The War in Syria: Calling For Urgent and Concerted International Response:- By Lydia Mawuenya Amedzrator

For more than four years the international community especially the UN, has stumbled in its efforts to arrive at a unified response to the crisis in Syria. This brief examines the factors hindering the international community from devising an appropriate and effective mechanism for dealing with the situation in Syria. The paper also discusses the possible implications of the Syria crisis for regional and international security. Ultimately, there is a need for urgency and unity in the international community’s response to the Syria crisis in order to halt (a) the atrocities being committed against the Syrian population, and (b) the spillover effects of the crisis in the Muslim world especially in the Middle East and Africa   ...more

POLICY BRIEF 1/ September 2014: 
The Women, Peace, and Security Agenda in the CAR: Implications for MINUSCA and the Samba-Panza Interim Government :- By Aydon Edwards

Since 2000, the UN Security Council (UNSC) has ratified seven complementary resolutions regarding the inclusion of women’s perspectives during peace processes, and their gender-specific experiences of conflict.1 This doctrine, known as Women, Peace, and Security (WPS), embodies the international community’s acknowledgement,legitimisation, and normalisation of women’s fundamental significance to achieving global peace and security...more

 Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa: Experiences from the Sahel :- By Afua A. Lamptey

The 2012 crisis in Mali, and by extension, the Sahel, has brought several critical questions to the fore in terms of border management. The ease and speed with which rebels, weapons and contraband materials were smuggled into the Sahel from Libya further exposed the inadequacy of established structures in terms of agencies, systems, policies, laws and procedures relating to border security management. Over the years, globalisation and the rise in terrorist threats and transnational criminal activities have made border management issues a matter of economic and national security. However, despite the awareness of West African states of the threats or benefits of effective border management, with the exception of Senegal1, there....more

 Lowering the Anchor on Maritime Insecurity along the Gulf of Guinea: Lessons from Operation Prosperity :-  By Joana Ama Osei-Tutu

The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) in its 2013 third quarter piracy report stated that piracy in global waters is currently at its lowest in the third quarter since 2006. Although the worldwide figure is low, there has however been a gradual increase in pirate attacks along the Gulf of Guinea. In the first three quarters of 2013, the Gulf of Guinea region recorded over 40 piracy attacks, 132 crew-hostage situations and seven hijacked vessels. The region accounted for all the crew kidnappings worldwide, with 32 incidents off Nigeria and two off Togo respectively. The pirates in this region are often heavily armed, violent and mostly target vessels and its crew along the coast, rivers, anchorages, ports and surrounding waters. More often than not, the pirates raid the vessels and steal....more

POLICY BRIEF 10/2013: 
Do Institutions Matter? Managing Institutional Diversity and Change in Ghana's Fourth Republic :- By Naila Salihu and Kwesi Aning

After several years of political instability and socio-economic decline partly caused by endemic militarization of politics and society, and since the inauguration of the Fourth Republic in 1992, Ghana has become a relatively stable democracy. Since 1992, six successful elections have been held, producing two political turnovers between the two major political parties, the New Patriotic Party (NPP) and National Democratic Congress (NDC). The sixth presidential and parliamentary elections under the Fourth Republic were held in December 2012, with the incumbent party NDC emerging as the winner. The opposition NPP challenged the election results and petitioned the Supreme Court to annul the results. The court upheld the results. The peaceful political turnovers have taken place within an environment of promising institutional development and a political terrain very tolerant of a vibrant media, political parties and civil society. Democracy entails the adherence to basic political and civil rights and the presence of institutions. There is no doubt that dysfunctional political institutions and governance....more

POLICY BRIEF 9/ 2013 : 
The Human Being as a Commodity: Responding to the Trafficking and Trading of Persons in West Africa :- By Sarah Okaebea Danso

When one thinks of commodities, humans usually would not enter the discussion unless one was looking back to the slave trade era. Yet today, it is not off target to discuss humans as commodities. This is unfortunately so because the demand and market for “slaves” still persist, albeit in a modernized form. Persons across the globe are clandestinely “traded” as you would a sack of maize or smuggled goods. They are deceived, trapped and forcefully exploited in what is....more

POLICY BRIEF 8/ 2013 : 
1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case :- By Fiifi Edu-Afful

Following the adoption of the landmark United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on women, peace and security in October 2000, a number of interventions have been initiated globally to integrate women’s issues in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts.2 These interventions have been geared....more

POLICY BRIEF 7/ 2013 :
 Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors :- By Nancy Annan

Conventionally, the provision of peace, security and justice has always been perceived as the mandate of the state. Majority of the population look to the state to ensure social justice and peace through its formal institutions such as the police, military, judiciary, paramilitary organizations and other law enforcement agencies. However, growing debates on the state’s ability to adequately provide for the security of its citizens and the constant accusations against the former for neglecting the poor and favouring elites in society, have necessitated investigations into existing.....more

POLICY BRIEF  6/ 2013  : 
Towards Lasting Peace in Mali: Reflections on Post-Election Challenges :- By Festus Kofi Aubyn
Mali was plunged into a state of insecurity and chaos after the Tuareg-led rebellion in 2011 and the subsequent occupation of the country’s northern territories by extremist groups.1 Although a legitimate government is currently in place and a semblance of stability exists in the country, the post-election challenges are immense and multifaceted.2 They include issues of poor....more

POLICY BRIEF  5/ 2013 : Taking up a Place at the Table: Analysing the Importance of UNSCR 2122 for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda :- By Serwaa Brewoo

In October 2000, the United Nations Security Council’s (UNSC) unanimous adoption of Resolution 1325 was significant in many ways. It served as the first ever UNSC resolution to link women’s experiences in conflict to the international peace and security agenda (WPS). Specifically, it drew attention to the disproportionate impact that armed conflicts have on women, and called for measures to strengthen women’s engagement in conflict resolution and peacebuilding processes. On 18 October 2013, the UNSC once again demonstrated renewed commitment towards women’s participation in global peace and security. By adopting Resolution 2122, the UN and the international community, committed to stronger measures to promote women’s participation in peace and security. UNSCR 2122 represents one of seven documents.....more

POLICY BRIEF 4/ 2013 : 
Ghana's 2012 Elections: Lessons Learnt Towards Sustaining Peace and Democratic Stability :- By Mustapha Abdallah
Ghanaians went to the polls on 7 December 2012, not only to cast ballots for a new president, but also to elect 275 members of parliament to represent their various electoral constituencies.1 As opposed to the five previous elections (1992, 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2008), the 2012 elections were held on two days, the 7 and 8 December 2012. During voting on 7 December, several challenges relative to efficient management of elections were....more

POLICY BRIEF 3/ 2013 : 
Coups d’état in Africa – A Thing of the Past? :- By Emma Birikorang
In the immediate post-colonial period in Africa, coups d’état occurred in many parts of Africa, from East to North, from West to South. There were also many more failed coup attempts, announced and unannounced. This phenomenon in the post-independence phase was blamed on outside intervention during the Cold War. Unconstitutional regime changes seemed to have reduced in frequency at the end of the Cold War when many African states embraced democracy, organized elections and acceded to international human rights laws and other international norms and principles.
However, in the past decade, unconstitutional regime changes and “constitutional crises” have gradually crept into the African political sphere, occurring in Madagascar, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau as well as Mauritania....more

POLICY BRIEF 2/ 2013 : 
The Legacy of UN Military Intervention and State-building in Libya :- By
Frank Okyere

In March 2011, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) passed a resolution on the theme of “responsibility to protect” (R2P), authorizing the use of “all necessary measures to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas in Libya”.1 UN Security Council Resolution 1973 paved way for the deployment of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces that supported the opposition National Transitional Council (NTC) to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi’s regime, culminating in Gaddafi’s death on 20 October and an end to four decades of despotic rule. The UN-mandated NATO operation in Libya has been hailed as a model R2P intervention that succeeded.....more

POLICY BRIEF 1/ 2013 :
 Managing National Commissions for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in West Africa :- By Margaret Sosuh

The proliferation and the abuse of small arms and light weapons (SALW) contributes to the deterioration of physical security, degrades access to and availability of social services and eventually undermines development. In West Africa, although the protracted civil wars in some countries have ended, the availability of SALW to militant groups, armed robbers and kidnappers is causing fear and insecurity in many states. Addressing the proliferation and illicit trafficking of SALW requires a wide range of measures supported by legislation. Thus the United Nations Programme of Action (UNPoA), adopted in 2001, which is one of the global frameworks for addressing SALW.....more

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and Mali By Kwesi Aning, Frank Okyere & Mustapha Abdallah

 Tackling the aftermath of Libya’s ‘Arab Spring’: Addressing the Small Arms Issue  By Afua A. Lamptey

The Civilian Component of the ECOWAS standby force
By David Nii Addy & Samuel Atuobi

The Responsibility to Protect By Samuel Atuobi

The Challenge of the Côte d’Ivoire crisis for West Africa: exploring options for a negotiated settlement By Kwesi Aning & Samuel Atuobi

Promoting peace and stability in La Côte d’Ivoire: negotiating the cost of international inaction and the need for decisive action By Kwesi Aning & Samuel Atuobi

Implementing the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework: Prospects and Challenges By Samuel Atuobi

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: addressing unanswered questions:
Kwesi Aning, Samuel Atuobi & Naila Salihu

The NATO Intervention in Libya: Implications for the Protection of Civilians and the AU’s Pan-Africanist Agenda:
By Frank O. Okyere & Mustapha Abdallah